The rapid development of cities across Upper Mesopotamia in the third millennium B.C.E. transformed the landscape. Newly formed, densely populated cities concentrated population and resources, and a multitiered settlement system emerged to maximize agricultural production. The cities of Kazane and Harran shared the Harran Plain of southeastern Turkey, a large inland area with optimal dry-farming conditions.
This article offers an overview of ancient Greek handwritten wall inscriptions, or graffiti, in the city of Herculaneum and the first contextual analysis of these inscriptions. First, we address how much Greek is found, where it appears, and what was being written in Greek. We then offer a discussion of Greek alphabets and personal names inscribed in Greek, which together account for half of the graffiti in Greek at Herculaneum.
Hundreds of arch monuments were commissioned during the era of Roman rule, and most stood in the provinces. Given the global turn in scholarship, it seems timely to ask anew how the empire’s residents conceptualized the commemorative arch and how modern interlocutors have recast that understanding.
The depictions of architecture on the Column of Marcus Aurelius are an important means of exploring how war along the frontier was presented to the capital. A comprehensive comparison between Antonine architectural depictions and their models on the Column of Trajan demonstrates careful modifications on the part of the Antonine designers to adapt Trajanic models to particular Antonine goals.
Assaf Yasur-Landau, Eric H. Cline, Andrew J. Koh, Alexandra Ratzlaff, Nurith Goshen, Matthew Susnow, Paula Wiman-Barak, Alison M. Crandall
Available as Open Access
This report presents the architecture of the storage rooms found during the 2013 and 2015 excavations within the Middle Bronze Age Canaanite palace at Tel Kabri in present-day Israel, as well as the ceramic finds within them, and the initial results of the petrographic and organic residue analyses. We hope that this detailed preliminary report can supply some insights into a few of the activities conducted within this Canaanite palace during the early second millennium B.C.E.