The American Journal of Archaeology stands in solidarity with Black, Indigenous, and People of Color against systemic injustice in North America and throughout the world. The Journal fully endorses the AIA Statement on Archaeology and Social Justice.
The wall decoration of the Tomb of the Bulls (540–520 BCE) at Tarquinia is a well-cited example of Early Archaic Etruscan tomb painting, incorporating imagery from Orientalizing iconography and combining it with a new emphasis on figural representation emanating from the East Greek world. Most previous scholarship has suggested that the tomb’s paintings cannot be read coherently and that they stand alone in the broader, more intelligible, tradition of Etruscan wall painting.
Through an analysis of images of Amazons in their original historical and cultural contexts, this article re-evaluates one of the most iconic subjects in Greek art and its reimagining in Hellenized Anatolia. It argues that in Anatolia, Amazons were regularly depicted not as barbarians from exotic locales but rather as heroes with whom the local population identified.
Jacqueline F. DiBiasie-Sammons
This article analyzes the types, locations, and visual characteristics of charcoal graffiti from Herculaneum. This type of ancient inscription has been largely ignored in scholarship since the delicate medium has left many of these charcoal graffiti with uncertain readings, and few remain extant. I show that while charcoal graffiti were produced differently than inscribed graffiti at Herculaneum, the types of messages are similar.
A Curious Artifact: The Changing Meaning of the Roman Oil Lamp from 17th-Century Jamestown, VirginiaEric C. LappAvailable as Open Access
In 2006, a Roman oil lamp was scientifically excavated at Jamestown, Virginia, the earliest permanent English settlement in the Americas. This study explores why a 17th-century traveler would bring this ancient lighting vessel to the settlement and how its unusual double depositional history allows us to trace its changing meaning over time.
Hellenistic Landscapes and Seleucid Control in Mesopotamia: The View from the Erbil Plain in Northern IraqRocco Palermo, Lidewijde de Jong, Jason A. Ur
In this article we discuss the archaeological landscapes of the Erbil plain during the Hellenistic period (late fourth century BCE–mid second century BCE) based on the data collected during the Erbil Plain Archaeological Survey (EPAS) between 2012 and 2019. We use a landscape archaeology approach to trace patterns of habitation, migration, land exploitation, and water management from the Iron Age to the early first millennium CE.
Emlyn DoddAvailable as Open Access
The world of vinicultural archaeology has expanded exponentially over the past two decades, adding novel discoveries, methodologies, theories, and new archaeological evidence. Despite this, focused regional or site-specific approaches and syntheses dominate scholarship. This article provides an alternate, macroperspective via a comprehensive update and overview of the archaeological evidence for the entire Italian peninsula.
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