A location referred to as “Parthenon” appears in the fifth- and fourth-century BCE inventories of Athena’s riches as one of the treasuries on the Acropolis of Athens, along with the Hekatompedon, the Proneos, the Opisthodomos, and the Archaios Neos. It is usually identified with the west room of the building today known as the Parthenon.
Baths played an essential role in the formation of the ideal Roman male. As a locus of demonstrating one’s belonging to the Roman citizenry through a collective act of cultus, in the face of public nudity and against the threats of mollifying luxury and superstitious beliefs, baths intensified the negotiation regarding the norms of masculinity. The decoration of the tepidarium of the Forum Baths in Pompeii can be read in light of these tensions.
This article gathers the evidence for gladiatorial and wild-beast spectacles in the ancient city of Mytilene on Lesbos in the Roman province of Asia. It summarizes the available information regarding the conversion of the town theater into an arena and then presents four inscriptions related to gladiatorial and beast-fight spectacles, 12 panel- and altar-shaped stelae depicting single gladiators, and five reliefs depicting scenes of beast fights.
Marta Lorenzon, Jessica L. Nitschke, Robert J. Littman, Jay E. Silverstein
Available as Open Access
The Graeco-Roman site of Tell Timai (ancient Thmuis) in Lower Egypt is among the largest urban tells in the Nile Delta, boasting substantial amounts of preserved earthen architecture. Although earthen architecture made up the vast majority of public and domestic structures in ancient Egypt, it still does not receive the same analytical attention from archaeologists as other categories of evidence.
This article presents an analytical study of the Late Antique sculptural relief program at the Roman villa of Chiragan (Martres-Tolosane, Haute-Garonne), which includes a series of mythological panels and a portrait in relief. Although Chiragan’s reliefs have long been associated with Aphrodisian workshops, this study marks them as products of a local workshop, based on stylistic traits and recent scientific analyses of the marble.