The upheavals and transformations in Greece and the Cyclades during the late third millennium B.C.E. must be considered in the light of related events throughout the eastern Mediterranean, as well as in regions farther east and west. The prolonged desiccation event between ca. 2300 and 2000 B.C.E., for which there is extensive evidence in the Near East and Egypt (and perhaps a far wider region), is explored together with the potential impact of roughly contemporaneous developments including migrations, the displacement of trading networks, warfare, new weapons technologies, and the appearance of sailing vessels in the Mediterranean.
By Malcolm H. Wiener
American Journal of Archaeology Vol. 117, No. 4 (October 2013), pp. 581–592
© 2013 Archaeological Institute of America